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40 Frequent Spanish Prepositions and The best way to Use Them


Spanish-prepositions-2

Usually, we’re taught that a preposition describes the place of a noun.

Prepositions additionally describe the connection between a noun/pronoun and different phrases in a sentence.

Even for those who’re a grasp of English prepositions, Spanish prepositions are one other ballgame—the languages will be fairly totally different, in any case.

Right here, we’ll cowl each easy and compound prepositions in Spanish.

Learn on for 40 of the most typical Spanish prepositions, plus when and the way to use them. 

Contents

What’s a Preposition?

Easy Spanish Prepositions

Listed here are 23 of the most typical Spanish prepositions. You’ll see that lots of them have a number of meanings: 

Preposition That means(s) Instance
a to

used to attach ir to an infinitive

the non-public a

Voy a la casa de mi amiga.
(I will my good friend’s home.)

Ellos van a nadar.
(They are going to swim.)

Tengo que llamar a mi mamá.
(I’ve to name my mother.)

ante earlier than, within the face of (utilized in formal speech) El acusado fue presentado ante un juez.
(The defendant appeared earlier than a decide.)
bajo underneath, beneath

underneath the rule of a political determine

El perro está bajo la mesa.
(The canine is underneath the desk.)

Bajo Kim Jong-un, Corea del Norte ha tenido muchos problemas.
(Underneath Kim Jong-un, North Korea has had many issues.)

cabe near, subsequent to

*Not often utilized in fashionable Spanish however can nonetheless be present in literature

La casa estaba cabe el bosque.
(The home was subsequent to the forest.)
con with (accompaniment)

with (to emphasise significance of one thing)

Voy a la fiesta con mis amigos.
(I will the social gathering with my buddies.)

Con todo lo que ha pasado en mi vida, me mantengo optimista.
(With every thing that is occurred in my life, I stay an optimist.)

contra towards (against)

towards (bodily location)

No tengo nada contra él.
(I haven’t got something towards him.)

La mesa está contra la pared.
(The desk is towards the wall.)

de from (indicating origin)

from (indicating trigger)

of (indicating composition)

of (indicating possession)

about

Mi abuela es de Canadá.
(My grandmother is from Canada.)

Ella estaba gritando de tristeza.
(She was screaming from disappointment.)

El plato está hecho de plástico.
(The plate is fabricated from plastic.)

Este libro es de mi hermana.
(This ebook is my sister’s.)

Él puede hablar de muchos temas.
(He can speak about many matters.)

desde since

from

No la he visto desde ayer.
(I have never seen her since yesterday.)

Llamaré a mi madre desde tu casa.
(I will name my mom from your home.)

durante throughout Recuerde, no hable durante la película.
(Keep in mind, no speaking in the course of the film.)
en in (bodily location)

in (indicating method)

into

by (indicating means)

at (bodily location)

Las cerezas están en la nevera.
(The cherries are within the fridge.)

Mi padre habla en voz alta.
(My dad speaks in a loud voice.)

Puso la carta en el buzón.
(He put the letter into the mailbox.)

Voy a la biblioteca en coche.
(I’m going to the library by automotive.)

Estoy en el trabajo.
(I am at work.)

entre between

amongst

La puerta está entre las ventanas.
(The door is between the home windows.)

Encontré a mi hermana entre la multitud.
(I discovered my sister among the many crowd.)

hacia in the direction of

about, round (approximate time)

Ellos corrieron hacia la salida del edificio.
(They ran in the direction of the constructing’s exit.)

Voy a llegar hacia las dos de la tarde.
(I will arrive round two within the afternoon.)

hasta till

as much as

right down to

Ellos se van a quedar con nosotros hasta mañana.
(They are going to stick with us till tomorrow.)

Este ascensor tiene capacidad para hasta 10 personas.
(This elevator has capability for as much as 10 individuals.)

La temperatura bajó hasta los 10 grados.
(The temperature went right down to 10 levels.)

mediante by way of, by the use of Realizaremos la reunión mediante una videollamada.
(We’ll maintain the assembly by way of a video name.)
para for

to, with a purpose to

Le compré un regalo muy bonito para Navidad.
(I purchased him a really good present for Christmas.)

Para llegar a mi casa hay que subir una gran colina.
(So as to get to my home, it’s a must to go up an enormous hill.)

por for

by

due to

by way of

per

Muchas gracias por toda tu ayuda.
(Thanks a lot for all of your assist.)

Para ir al gimnasio, tienes que pasar por la farmacia.
(To go to the gymnasium, it’s a must to cross by the pharmacy.)

No fui a trabajar por la gripe.
(I did not go to work due to the flu.)

Ellos pasaron por el pasillo.
(They handed by way of the hallway.)

Son quince dólares por libra.
(They’re 15 {dollars} per pound.)

según relying on

in keeping with

Según el tiempo, podemos ir a la playa.
(Relying on the climate, we will go to the seashore.)

Según su madre, la tienda cierra a las siete.
(Based on her mom, the shop closes at 7:00.)

sin with out Ahora, Elena puede hacer su tarea sin la ayuda de sus padres.
(Now, Elena can do her homework with out her dad and mom’ assist.)
so underneath

*You will seemingly solely see so in literary contexts, or in expressions like so pretexto de (underneath the pretext/guise of) and so pena de (underneath the specter of).

So pretexto de trabajar hasta tarde, planeó una fiesta sorpresa para su novio.
(Underneath the pretext of working late, she deliberate a shock social gathering for her boyfriend.)
sobre on

about

over

Por favor, no pongas tu ropa sucia sobre la mesa.
(Please do not put your soiled garments on the desk.)

Busco un libro sobre animales salvajes.
(I am searching for a ebook about wild animals.)

El avión voló sobre el océano.
(The aircraft flew over the ocean.)

tras after Mes tras mes, ella se siente cada vez más tranquila.
(Month after month, she feels more and more calmer.)
versus versus, towards Este juego es el equipo de mi hermana versus el equipo de mi mejor amiga… ¡No sé a quién apoyar!
(This sport is my sister’s workforce versus my finest good friend’s workforce… I do not know who to root for!)
vía by way of, by means of

by, through

Viajé a Costa Rica vía los Estados Unidos.
(I traveled to Costa Rica by means of america.)

La jefa le enviará el horario vía correo electrónico.
(The boss will ship you the schedule by e mail.)

Compound Spanish Prepositions

Compound prepositions are teams of a couple of phrase that, collectively, have the perform of a preposition. In Spanish, they’re referred to as locuciones preposicionales (prepositional phrases).

Preposition That means(s) Instance
a pesar de regardless of Mi hermano quiere hacer paracaidismo a pesar de su miedo a las alturas.
(My brother desires to go skydiving regardless of his concern of heights.)
a través de by way of Nos comunicamos a través de mensajes de texto mientras él estaba de viaje.
(We communicated by way of textual content messages whereas he was on a visit.)
al lado de beside, subsequent to Me gusta mucho el restaurante que está al lado de la playa.
(I actually just like the restaurant that is subsequent to the seashore.)
además de apart from, along with Además de tocar el piano, ¿qué te gusta hacer?
(Apart from taking part in piano, what do you love to do?)
alrededor de round (bodily location)

round (giving an approximation)

Hay flores alrededor de la iglesia.
(There are flowers across the church.)

En la escuela, hay alrededor de 1500 estudiantes.
(Within the faculty, there are round 1500 college students.)

cerca de near, close to El resort está cerca de muchos restaurantes y tiendas.
(The resort is near many eating places and retailers.)
debajo de underneath, beneath El gato estaba sentando debajo de la silla.
(The cat was sitting beneath the chair.)
delante de in entrance of Solo mantente por delante de los otros corredores y estarás bien.
(Simply keep in entrance of the opposite runners and you will be effective.)
dentro de inside

inside

Hay muchos autobuses dentro de los límites de la ciudad.
(The corporate will get again to us inside per week.)

La compañía se pondrá en contacto con nosotros dentro de una semana.
(There are various buses inside the town limits.)

detrás de behind Ella caminó detrás de su tía.
(She walked behind her aunt.)
en cuanto a as for, relating to En cuanto a tus preguntas, las responderé al remaining de la presentación.
(Relating to your questions, I will reply them on the finish of the presentation.)
en lugar de
/ en vez de
as a substitute of ¿Podrías hacerlo con miel en lugar de azúcar?
(Might you make it with honey as a substitute of sugar?)

Prefiero té en vez de café por la tarde.
(I want tea as a substitute of espresso within the afternoon.)

encima de on high of Tu sombrero está encima de la cama.
(Your hat is on high of the mattress.)
frente a in entrance of Hay un McDonald’s frente a mi escuela.
(There’s a McDonald’s in entrance of my faculty.)
fuera de exterior of El perro esperó fuera del hospital.
(The canine waited exterior of the hospital.)
junto a subsequent to, by

alongside

¿Está su casa junto a la parada de autobús?
(Is their home subsequent to the bus cease?)

Durante la formación, trabajará junto a profesionales cualificados.
(Through the coaching, you’ll work alongside certified professionals.)

lejos de removed from El supermercado está lejos de mi casa
(The grocery store is way from my home.)

When and The best way to Use Spanish Prepositions

Voy al gimnasio después del trabajo.
(I’m going to the gymnasium after work.)

After we need to say “with me” or “with you” (the casual “you”) we are saying conmigo
or contigo:

¿Quieres ir al baile conmigo? Porque me encantaría ir contigo.
(Do you need to go to the dance with me? As a result of I’d like to go along with you.)

The place to Observe Spanish Prepositions On-line

So that you’re now beginning your endeavor to memorize each single Spanish preposition! Okay, possibly not all of them, however you do need them to begin coming to you extra simply.

Listed here are some nice methods to observe Spanish prepositions:

 

By investing time into studying prepositions and the way they’re used, you will get extra comfy utilizing them in several contexts. 

Bookmark this web page and are available again to it at any time when you will have a couple of minutes to evaluate.

You’ll quickly really feel far more assured talking Spanish! 

And One Extra Factor…


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