Home Language Learning Conjugate French -RE Verbs Like a Professional: A Definitive Information

Conjugate French -RE Verbs Like a Professional: A Definitive Information

Conjugate French -RE Verbs Like a Professional: A Definitive Information

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Verbs, the spine of our sentences, make our communication significant and full.  With out verbs, we wouldn’t have a lot to say. Mastering French verbs in a number of tenses is an unbelievable accomplishment, in addition to a little bit of a puzzle! 

Many learners start this journey with -ER verbs, the biggest and best group of verbs in French. Assured and impressed, they transfer on to -IR verbs and wade via a large number of irregular verbs and patterns that don’t fairly observe the foundations. Probably the most devoted learners will perceive the good thing about such research after they sort out the ultimate class of verbs, people who finish in -RE.  

You’ve already laid the groundwork, so why not add to your verb repertoire?  Having been via this earlier than, you could be questioning… how tough will it’s?  Fortunately, lots of the fundamental premises are the identical. Tenses, moods, lots of the endings, and lots of the different ideas that associate with conjugation will apply right here, too.  

On the similar time, technically all French -RE verbs—which belong to the troisième groupe (third group) of French verbs, alongside irregular -IR verbs—are irregular. On this submit, you’ll learn to establish verb teams and corresponding patterns that will help you conjugate even the trickiest of -ER verbs. 

Need to skip the memorization altogether? Rosetta Stone can assist you grasp French verb tenses via enjoyable, partaking classes that faucet into the way you realized language as a baby—no memorization required. As an alternative, you’ll learn to establish conjugation patterns from real-life French in partaking contexts. Study extra about Dynamic Immersion right here, or join your first lesson right now

Record of the commonest French -RE verbs 

French -RE verbs are the smallest group. It’s useful to be taught the commonest ones.  

French English
être* to be
faire* to do/to make
dire* to say/to inform
suivre* to observe
prendre* to take
croire* to consider/to suppose
attendre to attend for/to count on
mettre* to placed on/to place/to put on
connaître* to know/to be conversant in 
comprendre* to know
entendre to listen to/to hearken to/to know
perdre to lose
vivre* to dwell
rendre to return/to present again
apprendre* to be taught
boire* to drink
écrire* to put in writing
lire* to learn
répondre to reply/ to reply
vendre to promote
correspondre to correspond
défendre to defend
descendre to descend/to get off transportation
fondre to soften
conduire* to drive
construire* to assemble/to construct
cuire* to cook dinner
traduire* to translate

*These verbs have irregular conjugations and don’t observe the common -RE verb conjugation tables for the current tense. They are going to be mentioned individually!

>>Unsure learn how to pronounce a brand new phrase? See how TruAccent can assist. 

The best way to conjugate common French -RE verbs 

You possibly can learn to conjugate -RE verbs in French by following a sample. There are a number of completely different patterns to notice, the best of which applies to our “common” -RE verbs. It’s place to start out, with verbs like attendre (to attend for), vendre (to promote), rendre (to present again, to return), descendre (to descend), and entendre (to listen to) topping the record.  

 There are a number of issues to bear in mind when conjugating: 

  • What’s the tense that greatest expresses your thought? 
  • Is a separate temper required, such because the subjunctive? 
  • Who or what’s the topic? 
  • Is the verb irregular on this tense, or does it observe the common verb sample? 

Current tense (indicative, l’indicatif

The current tense is used to inform what occurs usually, does occur, and is going on in the mean time.  

To kind common -RE verbs on this tense: 

  1. Take away the -RE ending.

What stays is the stem.  

  1. Add the ending that matches the topic. 

There isn’t any ending for the il/elle kind. Eradicating the -RE is all that’s wanted!

Common -RE verbs (current tense, indicative) 

Je/J’
I
-s Nous
We
-ons
Tu
You, casual
-s Vous
You, formal/plural
-ez
Il, Elle
He, She
Ils, Elles
They
-ent
  • Je vends mon vélo. = I am promoting my bike. 
  • Il entend parfaitement, mais il ne parle pas. = He understands completely, however doesn’t converse. 

Imperfect tense (l’imparfait)

The imperfect tense is likely one of the predominant previous tenses in French. It’s used as a descriptive previous: to inform what one thing was like, what normally occurred, and describe different ongoing states prior to now.  

Solely être (to be) is irregular within the imparfait, so technically, there are not any irregular -RE verbs within the imperfect tense. All of them will observe the steps offered right here. Nevertheless, the 1st step requires you to know the nous kind within the current tense, which might fluctuate tremendously amongst completely different -RE verbs. Understanding whether or not they’re common or irregular within the current tense is important. 

To kind the imperfect, 

  1. Take away the -ons from the nous type of the current tense. That is the stem. 
  2. Add the next endings, in accordance with the topic.

Common -RE verbs (imparfait) 

Je/J’
I
-ais Nous
We
-ions
Tu
You, casual
-ais Vous
You, formal/plural
-iez
Il, Elle
He, She
-ait Ils, Elles
They
-aient
  • Je prenais le petit déjeuner tous les jours = I would eat breakfast daily.
  • Il perdait toujours son stylo. = He all the time used to lose his pen. 

Easy previous tense (passé easy)

The passé easy is simply utilized in formal, literary, or historic writing.  You most likely received’t hear anybody converse within the passé easy except they’re studying from a textual content. In casual speech, you’ll use the passé composé as an alternative.

You’ll acknowledge that the passé easy makes use of the stem of the verb with out the -RE, and the next endings: 

Common -RE verbs (passé easy) 

Je/J’
I
-is Nous
We
-îmes
Tu
You, casual
-is Vous
You, formal/plural
-îtes
Il, Elle
He, She
-it Ils, Elles
They
-irent
  • J’entendis le bruit des vagues au loin. = I heard the sound of the waves from afar.

Previous tense (le passé composé)

The passé composé is used to relate accomplished actions prior to now. It’s fabricated from two elements: a serving to verb (or auxiliary verb) and a previous participle. It is going to be vital to differentiate between this tense and the imparfait.  

Most common French -RE verbs will use avoir (to have) because the auxiliary verb. A particular record of -RE verbs belong to the group that makes use of être (to be). All previous tense reflexive (or pronominal) verbs are conjugated with être as properly.  

To kind the passé composé of -RE verbs: 

  1. Conjugate both avoir or être, making certain they agree with their topics. 
  2. Take away the -RE and add u.
  3. Add the female or plural settlement to the previous participle when vital. 

Be aware that each one verbs that use être have this characteristic. In some circumstances, avoir verbs may even want settlement of the previous participle. 

-RE Verbs that use avoir because the auxiliary 

Common verbs observe an analogous sample to vendre (to promote). 

j’ai vendu I bought nous avons vendu we bought
tu as vendu you bought (singular/ casual)  vous avez vendu you bought (formal/plural) 
il/elle a vendu he/she bought ils/elles ont vendu they bought

-RE verbs that use être because the auxiliary 

There’s one verb, descendre (to descend), that makes use of être. It’s common, and should additionally present settlement of the previous participle in each gender and quantity. Be aware that descendre has a number of meanings. Whether it is getting used within the sense of “taking one thing down from its location,” it makes use of avoir like the remainder of the verbs.  

je suis descendu
je suis descendue
I went out (m.)
I went out (f.) 
nous sommes descendus
nous sommes descendues
we went out (m.) 
we went out (f.) 
tu es descendu
tu es descendue
you went out (m.)
you went out (f.) 
vous êtes descendu
vous êtes descendue
vous êtes descendus
vous êtes descendues
you went out (m.s.) 
you went out (f.s.)
you went out (m. pl.) 
you went out (f. pl)
il est descendu
elle est descendue
he went out
she went out
ils sont descendus
elles sont descendues
they went out (m.) 
they went out (f.) 

Future tense (le futur)

There’s a manner to make use of aller in a building that tells the close to future: 

Je vais correspondre avec lui demain. = I am going to correspond with him tomorrow.

Nevertheless, the futur easy is a tense that’s used to precise future intentions, plans, or foretell what is going to occur sooner or later. It corresponds to the English “will + verb.” 

To kind the futur easy of -RE verbs with common stems, 

  1. Use the infinitive, minus the ultimate e
  2. Add the ending that matches the topic

Common -RE verbs (futur easy) 

Je/J’
I
-ai Nous
We
-ons
Tu
You, casual
-as Vous
You, formal/plural
-ez
Il, Elle
He, She
-a Ils, Elles
They
-ont
  • Je défendrai ma famille ! = I will defend my household!

Conditional tense (conditionnel)

The conditional tense (or temper) is used to say what “would” occur if the circumstances have been proper.  

The conditional is a pleasant tense to be taught, since you make use of elements you already know! To kind the conditional, use the identical stem because the futur and add the endings for the imparfait

Forming the conditionnel of -RE verbs is straightforward: 

  1. Use the futur stem (the infinitive minus the ultimate e of standard verbs)
  2. Add the imparfait ending that matches the topic.  

Common -RE verbs (conditionnel

Je/J’
I
-ais Nous
We
-ions
Tu
You, casual
-ais Vous
You, formal/plural
-iez
Il, Elle
He, She
-ait Ils, Elles
They
-aient
  • Sans notre gardien de however, nous perdrions. = With out our goalie, we would lose.  

Subjunctive temper (subjonctif)

The subjunctive is a temper, distinguished from the indicatif (indicative) temper, due to the conditions in which you’d use it. It’s an enormous idea, however put in easy phrases, the subjunctive is used to precise uncertainty, doubt, or a way of fuzzy actuality, in addition to in sentences that impose a will or need on one other topic.  

There are a number of very irregular -RE verbs within the subjunctive. Actually, lots of the verbs which are irregular within the current indicative are likely to relax within the subjunctive and observe the everyday sample of endings. You do have to know the ils type of the current tense so as to observe the less complicated sample, so it’s a trade-off! 

To kind the subjunctive: 

  1. Begin with the ils type of the current tense verb.
  2. Drop the -ent.  That is the stem. 
  3. Add the next endings: 

Common -RE verbs (subjonctif au présent

Je/J’
I
-e Nous
We
-ions
Tu
You, casual
-es Vous
You, formal/plural
-iez
Il, Elle
He, She
-e Ils, Elles
They
-ent
  • Il faut que tu rendes l’argent. = It’s vital that you just give the cash again

Crucial temper (l’imperatif

The crucial is a temper, separate from the indicatif and the subjonctif moods. It’s used to present a direct command. There are three varieties of crucial instructions that are solely used with tu, nous, and vous

Common verbs within the crucial are actually easy as soon as the current tense! 

  1. Use the current tense varieties for tu, nous, or vous. There are not any modifications to the spelling. 
  2. Use an exclamation level to point out the crucial.  
Nous
We
-ons !
Tu
You, casual
-s ! Vous
You, formal/plural
-ez !
  • Rends l’argent ! = Give the cash again! 

Some verbs which are utterly irregular will use completely different crucial varieties, as mentioned within the subsequent part. 

The best way to conjugate irregular French -RE verbs

Irregular verbs are nearly the rule in relation to widespread -RE verbs in French. Fortunately there are a number of widespread patterns. 

-RE verbs like lire

This can be a giant set of verbs that drop the -RE and in addition add –s to the stem within the plural varieties. Verbs with this sample within the current tense embrace a number of widespread ones, akin to: 

  • conduire (to drive)
  • construire (to assemble, to construct)
  • cuire (to cook dinner)
  • frire (to fry)
  • instruire (to instruct, to show)
  • interdire (to forbid)
  • lire (to learn)
  • produire (to supply)
  • traduire (to translate)

Should you encounter one other verb that ends in –uire, this is likely to be place to start out. Be aware that lire is with no u, however nonetheless belongs to this class. 

lireto learn (présent, l’indicatif) 

Je lis I learn Nous lisons We learn
Tu lis you learn(singular/ casual)  vous lisez you learn (formal/plural) 
il/elle lit he/she reads ils/elles lidespatched they learn

It is very important know the current tense of the verbs on this sample, because the nous kind is the premise for the imperfect, and the ils/elles kind is the premise for the subjunctive. In each instances the  stems will preserve the extra s. 

For the passé composé, there are a number of irregular previous participles inside this group. Many will alternate the –uire of the infinitive for –uit prior to now participle.  

  • J’ai lu la recette. = I learn the recipe.  
  • J’ai cuit les pommes de terre. = I cooked the potatoes. 
  • Il m’a interdit de continuer. = He forbade me to proceed. 
  • Elle a traduit la lettre. = She translated the letter. 
  • Nous avons produit beaucoup de déchets. = We produced numerous trash. 

-RE verbs like écrire

Verbs just like écrire (to put in writing) are just like the earlier group, besides they add v as an alternative of s within the plural varieties.  

This may embrace verbs that embrace the identical root, typically having to do with writing. Listed below are a number of examples: 

  • inscrire (to put in writing down, to inscribe)
  • décrire (to explain), prescrire (to prescribe)
  • souscrire (to subscribe)
  • transcrire (to transcribe)

écrireto put in writing (présent, l’indicatif) 

J’écris I write Nous écrivons We write
Tu écris you write(singular/ casual)  vous écrivez you write (formal/plural) 
il/elle écrit he/she writes ils/elles écrivent they write
  • Nous écrivons des lettres. = We write letters.
  • Vous décrivez la state of affairs. = You describe the state of affairs. 

-RE verbs like atteindre

Verbs ending in -indre are maybe much less widespread, however will aid you with subtle and exact vocabulary.  They’re fashioned by dropping the -d in the entire varieties. For the plural varieties, a g is added in entrance of the n within the stem. 

Verbs with this sample within the current tense embrace: 

  • craindre (to concern)
  • joindre (to attach/be part of)
  • éteindre (to extinguish, put out)
  • peindre (to color)
  • atteindre (to achieve)

atteindre – to achieve (présent, l’indicatif) 

J’atteins  I attain Nous atteignons We attain
Tu atteins you attain(singular/ casual)  vous atteignez you attain (formal/plural) 
il/elle atteint he/she reaches ils/elles atteignent they attain

It is very important know the current tense of the verbs on this sample, because the nous kind is the premise for the imperfect, and the ils/elles kind is the premise for the subjunctive. In each instances the  stems will preserve the extra s. 

For the passé composé, many use the identical kind because the il/elle, exchanging the –dre for  t.   

Il a atteint l’objectif. = He reached the target. 

-RE verbs like rompre

This one is nearly common, excluding the il/elle kind. Use this sample for something that ends in –rompre, together with interrompre.  

rompre – to interrupt (présent, l’indicatif) 

Je romps I break Nous rompons We break
Tu romps you break(singular/ casual)  vous rompez you break (formal/plural) 
il/elle rompt he/she breaks ils/elles rompent they break

-RE verbs like mettre

These verbs have a double t within the infinitive varieties, however one t is dropped within the singular types of the current tense. They embrace mettre (to place) and any verb that ends with it, in addition to battre and any verb that ends with it. 

mettre – to place (présent, l’indicatif) 

Je mets I put Nous mettons We put
Tu mets you place(singular/ casual)  vous mettez you place(formal/plural) 
il/elle met he/she places ils/elles mettent they put

For the passé composé, verbs that finish in –mettre will finish in –mis.  

  • J’ai mis la desk. = I set the desk. 
  • Il a permis la musique dans la classe. = He permitted music at school.
  • Nous n’avons pas admis la faute. = We didn’t admit the error. 

-RE verbs like prendre

Verbs with –prendre within the infinitive varieties will use common -RE endings, however will drop the d within the plural varieties. Additionally they double the n within the ils/elles kind.  

prendre – to take (présent, l’indicatif) 

Je prends I take Nous prenons We take
Tu prends you are taking(singular/ casual)  vous prenez you are taking (formal/plural) 
il/elle prend he/she takes ils/elles prennent they take

For the passé composé, verbs that finish in –prendre will finish in –pris.  

  • J’ai pris le petit déjeuner. = I had breakfast. 
  • Il a appris le français. = He realized French.  

-RE verbs like connaître

This group of verbs consists of:

  • connaître (to know)
  • disparaître (to vanish)
  • reconnaitre (to acknowledge)
  • apparaître (to seem)

Verbs with –aître within the infinitive varieties will use the next varieties:

connaître – to know, to be conversant in (présent, l’indicatif) 

Je connais I do know Nous connaissons We all know
Tu connais (singular/ casual)  vous connaissez (formal/plural) 
il/elle connaît he/she is aware of ils/elles connaissent they know

Should-know completely irregular -RE verbs

Amongst -RE verbs exist a number of remarkably distinct verbs which are helpful to know. Whereas their varieties are distinctive, only a few will shock you, as they resemble patterns you might have already seen and realized. These 5 verbs are among the many mostly used within the language!

1. Être

The place would we be with out être (to be)? Our French can be nowhere with out the commonest verb, which can also be used an auxiliary verb for sure tenses. You’ll see it all over the place, so that you’ll be taught it rapidly. A phrase from the sensible: être is all the time irregular, so memorize what’s under—and don’t count on it to suit into every other sample. 

être – to be

Présent Imparfait Passé easy Futur easy Conditionnel Subjonctif Imperatif
Je/J’
I
suis étais fus serai serais sois
Tu
You, casual
es étais fus seras serais sois sois !
Il, Elle
He, She
est était fut sera serait soit
Nous
We
sommess étions fûmes serons serions soyons soyons !
Vous
You, formal
êtes étiez fûtes serez seriez soyez soyez !
Ils, Elles
They
sont étaient furent seront seraient soient

The passé composé of être makes use of itself, avoir because the auxiliary verb and the previous participle is été.

  • Il a été surpris par la nouvelle. = He was shocked by the information

>> Want extra assist with être? Study extra concerning the primary verb in French! 

2. Faire

What would we do with out faire (to do/to make)? The second utterly irregular -RE verb within the prime 4, this double-duty verb has two English meanings in addition to its vital function in quite a few idiomatic expressions, akin to faire consideration (to concentrate).  

faire – to do/to make

Présent Imparfait Passé easy Futur easy Conditionnel Subjonctif Imperatif
Je
I
fais faisais fis ferai ferais fasse
Tu
You, casual
fais faisais fis feras ferais fasses fais !
Il, Elle
He, She
fait faisait match fera ferait fasse
Nous
We
faisons faisions fîmes ferons ferions fassions faisons !
Vous
You, formal
faites faisiez fîtes ferez feriez fassiez faites !
Ils, Elles
They
font faisaient firent feront feraient fassent

The passé composé of faire makes use of avoir because the auxiliary verb and the previous participle fait.

  • Tu as fait un sandwich pour moi ? = (Have) you made a sandwich for me? 

3. Dire

Dire (to say, to inform) might be so widespread due to how typically we report or narrate speech or dialogue. Although just like lire (to learn) it doesn’t fairly match into that group, so it’s sensible to be taught by itself.   

dire – to say/to inform

Présent Imparfait Passé easy Futur easy Conditionnel Subjonctif Imperatif
Je
I
dis disais dis dirai dirais dise
Tu
You, casual
dis disais dis diras dirais dises dis !
Il, Elle
He, She
dit disait dit dira dirait dise
Nous
We
disons disions dîmes dirons dirions disions disons !
Vous
You, formal
dites disiez dîtes direz diriez disiez disez !
Ils, Elles
They
disent disaient dirent diront diraient disent

The passé composé of dire makes use of avoir because the auxiliary verb and the previous participle dit.  

  • Elle a dit la vérité. = She instructed the reality. 

4. Vivre 

Vive le français ! (Lengthy dwell French!) and all its irregular verb conjugations! Vivre (to dwell) is just like the everyday patterns… aside from when it’s not! 

vivre – to dwell  

Présent Imparfait Passé easy Futur easy Conditionnel Subjonctif Imperatif
Je
I
vis vivais vécus vivrai vivrais vive
Tu
You, casual
vis vivais vécus vivras vivrais vives vis !
Il, Elle
He, She
vit vivait vécut vivra vivrait vive
Nous
We
vivons vivions vécûmes vivrons vivrions vivions vivons !
Vous
You, formal
vivez viviez vécûtes vivrez vivriez viviez vivez !
Ils, Elles
They
vivent vivaient vécurent vivront vivraient viveent

The passé composé of vivre makes use of avoir because the auxiliary verb and the previous participle vécu.   

  • Il a vécu toute sa vie ici. = He lived his complete life right here.  

5. Boire

Boire (to drink) has a number of fascinating varieties greatest loved whereas hydrated. Seize your bouteille d’eau (bottle of water) and drink within the irregularities of this widespread verb. 

Boire – to drink   

Présent Imparfait Passé easy Futur easy Conditionnel Subjonctif Imperatif
Je
I
bois buvais bus boirai boirais boive
Tu
You, casual
bois buvais bus boiras boirais boives bois !
Il, Elle
He, She
boit vbuvait however boira boirait boive
Nous
We
buvons buvions bûmes boirons boirions buvions buvons !
Vous
You, formal
buvez buviez bûtes boirez boiriez buviez buvez !
Ils, Elles
They
boivent buvaient burent boiront boiraient boivent

The passé composé of boire makes use of avoir because the auxiliary verb and the previous participle bu.

  • J’ai bu un litre d’eau. = I drank a liter of water.  

Grasp French -RE verbs with Rosetta Stone

Whether or not you’re reviewing, repeating, or revisiting these conjugation charts, do not forget that -RE verbs will aid you kind sentences and extra subtle buildings.  -RE verbs are among the many mostly used verbs in French, in order that they’re price understanding! 

Whereas it’s true that they’re widespread, the irregular verb endings aren’t going to be straightforward to memorize should you attempt to be taught them in isolation. Strengthen your verb energy by partaking with these verbs in context. Phrases akin to “J’ai perdu mes clés !”  (I misplaced my keys!) are simpler to recollect long-term than dozens of verb varieties utilizing conjugation charts alone. 

Rosetta Stone’s Dynamic Immersion methodology is a confirmed method to get the publicity to the patterns of conjugating verbs in a manner that may supercharge your French. Since you’ll be interacting with important contexts and buildings in an enticing manner, you’ll be properly in your method to easy and fluent communication! With a complete suite of partaking classes, studying options, and instruments that will help you refine your accent, Rosetta Stone can assist you converse French confidently from day one. 

Written by Jamie Edwards

Jamie is a learner and instructor of Spanish and French. When she’s not studying new phrases, you’ll discover her on the soccer sidelines, ski slopes, and observe and subject bleachers having fun with the 4 seasons of Western New York.

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