Home Math Information about Subtraction | Subtraction of Small Numbers|Solved Examples

### Information about Subtraction | Subtraction of Small Numbers|Solved Examples

The operation to discovering the distinction between two numbers
is known as subtraction. Tell us some details about subtraction which can assist
us to be taught subtraction of huge numbers.

We all know that subtraction is taking one thing away from a
group of issues. The phrases utilized in subtraction are Minus, Much less, Distinction,
Lower, Take Away, Deduct. Whereas discovering the distinction, we write the better
of the 2 given numbers on the highest and them subtract.

When now we have to search out the distinction between two or extra numbers we use
subtraction.

The signal of subtraction is –.

A quantity subtracted from itself give zero. i.e.,

8 – 8 = 0

55 – 55 = 0

99 – 99 = 0

Zero subtracted from any quantity provides the quantity itself. E.g.,

7 – 0 = 7

46 – 0 = 46

95 – 0 = 95

1. Subtraction with small numbers may be labored out horizontally.

Instance: 8 – 5 = 3

24 – 4 = 20

2. Subtraction with giant numbers is labored out vertically. Numbers are written underneath the place worth chart.

Instance:             Th    H     T     O

8     6     7     2

–     5     4     3     2

3     2     4     0

3. Zero subtracted from a quantity doesn’t change the worth of the quantity.

Instance:                               H     T     O

2     5     8

+                   0

2     5     8

4. 1 subtracted from a quantity provides the predecessor of the quantity because the distinction.

Instance:

5. The quantity from which the opposite quantity is to be
subtracted is known as the minuend. The quantity subtracted is known as the
subtrahend and the reply is known as the distinction.

Instance:

6. If the subtrahend is lacking, then the distinction is
subtracted from the minuend.

Minuend – distinction = subtrahend.

Instance:

Workings:

7. To search out the lacking minuend, the distinction is added to
the subtrahend.

Distinction + subtrahend = minuend

Instance:

Workings:

Notice: Right here in workings we did distinction + subtrahend = minuend

Subtraction Information:

If from seven issues we take away 4 issues, then three issues are arithmetic that is written in a brief method as follows:-

7 – 4 = 3

The signal is known as the minus signal and exhibits that the quantity written after it’s to be subtracted, or taken away, from the quantity written earlier than it

We might learn 7 – 4 = 3 as ‘seven minus 4 is the same as three’ or ‘seven much less 4 is three’.

Instance:

A person had 6 goats. He bought 2 of them. What number of had he left?

We all know that when 2 issues are taken from 6 issues there are then 4 issues left. Due to this fact the reply to the query is 4 goats.

This subtraction sum could also be written down in both of the next methods:

 6 – 2 = 4                 or 6         –   2              4

You’ll discover that to subtract 2 from 6 is similar as discovering what have to be added to 2 to make 6. This can be a great way of doing subtraction sums. Thus, in subtracting 2 from 6 you say in your thoughts ‘2 and what number of extra make 6?’

Questions and Solutions on Information about Subtraction:

I. Subtract the next –

(i) 8 – 8 = _____

(ii) 6 – 6 = _____

(iii) 5 – 0 = _____

(iv) 3 – 0 = _____

(v) 9 – 3 = _____

(vi) 8 – 3 = _____

(vii) 7 – 1 = _____

(viii) 47 – 47 = _____

(ix) 59 – 59 = _____

(x) 34 – 0 = _____

(xi) 90 – 0 = _____

(xii) 85 – 44 = _____

(xiii) 32 – 21 = _____

(xiv) 65 – 33 = _____

I. (i) 0

(ii) 0

(iii) 5

(iv) 3

(v) 6

(vi) 5

(vii) 6

(viii) 0

(ix) 0

(x) 34

(xi) 90

(xii) 41

(xiii) 11

(xiv) 32

II. Subtract the next –

(i) 9 – 9 = _____

(ii) 2 – 2 = _____

(iii) 7 – 0 = _____

(iv) 5 – 0 = _____

(v) 8 – 3 = _____

(vi) 9 – 4 = _____

(vii) 2 – 1 = _____

(viii) 6 – 1 = _____

(ix) 11 – 11 = _____

(x) 36 – 36 = _____

(xi) 72 – 0 = _____

(xii) 22 – 0 = _____

(xiii) 58 – 28 = _____

(xiv) 46 – 23 = _____

(xv) 86 – 35 = _____

(xvi) 78 – 16 = _____

II. (i) 0

(ii) 0

(iii) 7

(iv) 5

(v) 5

(vi) 5

(vii) 1

(viii) 5

(ix) 0

(x) 0

(xi) 72

(xii) 22

(xiii) 30

(xiv) 23

(xv) 51

(xvi) 62

III. Clear up the next:

(i) 63 – 20 =

(ii) 89 – 53 =

(iii) 50 – 29 =

(iv) 35 – 0 =

(v) 95 – 48 =

(vi) 22 – 8 =

(vii) 53 – 46 =

(viii) 72 – 36 =

(ix) 63 – 20 =

(x) 29 – 29 =

(xi) 72 – 25 =

(xii) 79 – 29 =

(xiii) 52 – 33 =

(xiv) 93 – 49 =

(xv) 76 – 56 =

III. (i) 43

(ii) 36

(iii) 21

(iv) 35

(v) 47

(vi) 14

(vii) 7

(viii) 36

(ix) 43

(x) 0

(xi) 47

(xii) 50

(xiii) 19

(xiv) 44

(xv) 20

IV. Clear up the puzzle. Subtract to fill the empty containers:

IV.

9, 6, 4 and 5, 4, 3