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In subtracting 2-digit numbers we’ll subtract or minus a * one*–

*from one other*

**digit quantity***–*

**two***a*

**digit quantity and***–*

**two***from one other*

**digit quantity***–*

**two***To seek out the distinction between*

**digit quantity.**the 2 numbers we have to ‘ones from ones’ and ‘tens from tens’.

Allow us to subtract 2 from 39

Subtract ones and write within the ones place. 9 ones – 2 ones = 7 ones Subtract tens and write within the tens place. 3 tens – 0 tens = 3 tens |

**39 – 2 = 37**

Allow us to subtract 34 from 65.

Subtract ones and write within the ones place. 5 ones – 4 ones = 1 ones Subtract tens and write within the tens place. 6 tens – 3 tens = 3 tens |

**65 – 34 = 31**

**The right way to subtract two digit numbers?**

**The steps of the examples on subtracting 2-digit numbers i.e. ‘ones from ones’ and ‘tens from tens’:**

**1.** Subtract 41

from 63.

(i) First prepare the

numbers vertically in order that the tens’ place digits and ones’ place digits are

lined up which suggests in easy one quantity ought to be written above the opposite

quantity. Draw a line beneath the underside quantity.

(ii) Subtract the digits within the ones place. Subtract (3

– 1 = 2). Place 2 within the ones column as proven.

(iii) Subtract the digits within the tens’ place. Subtract (6 –

4 = 2). Place 2 within the tens column as proven.

(iv) The distinction of 63 – 41 is 22

**2.** Subtract 52 from 86.

(i) First prepare the numbers vertically in order that the tens’ place digits and ones’ place digits are lined up which suggests in easy one quantity ought to be written above the opposite quantity. Draw a line beneath the underside quantity.

(ii) Subtract the digits within the ones place. Subtract (6

– 2 = 4). Place 4 within the ones column as proven.

(iii) Subtract the digits within the tens’ place. Subtract (8 –

5 = 3). Place 3 within the tens column as proven.

(iv) The distinction of 86 – 52 is 34

**3.** Subtract 42 from 78

**Resolution:**

(i) Given numbers are written in column type. The larger quantity is written first, then the smaller quantity is written. (ii) First, the digits of 1’s place are taken. 2 is subtracted from 8. 8 ones – 2 ones = 6 ones. This 6 is written in a single’s column. (iii) Now digits of tens place are written 4 is subtracted from 7. 7 tens – 4 tens = 3 tens. This 3 is written in tens column. |

Therefore, 78 – 42 = 36

**Allow us to discover ways to subtract 2-digit numbers utilizing an abacus.**

**4. Subtract 26 from 49.**

**Step I:** Have a look at those rod.

Take away 6 beads.

9 – 6 = 3

Take away 2 beads. 4 – 2 = 2 We get the quantity 23. Thus, 49 – 26 = 23 |

**5. Subtract 31 from 73.**

**Step I:** Have a look at those rod.

Take away 1 bead.

3 – 1 = 2

Take away 3 beads. 7 – 3 = 4 We get the quantity 42. Thus, 73 – 31 = 42 |

**Be aware:**

To do subtraction utilizing an abacus, first subtract the beads o those rod and

then subtract the beads on the tens rod.

**Subtraction with out Borrowing:**

**5. Allow us to subtract 7 from 29.**

**Step I:** Prepare the 2 numbers beneath tens and ones.

**Step II:** First subtract those.

**Step III:** Subtract the tens.

Thus, 29 – 7 = 22

**2. Subtract 23 from 38.**

**Step I:** Prepare the 2 numbers beneath tens and ones.

**Step II:** First subtract those.

**Step III:** Subtract the tens.

Thus, 38 – 23 = 15

**In subtraction there
are three numbers as:**

95 ← the quantity from which smaller quantity

is subtracted is named **minuend**.

__– 23__ ← the quantity to be subtracted is named

the **subtrahend**.

__ 72__ ← the

quantity which is the subtracted end result is named the **distinction**.

Right here, in subtracting 2-digit numbers we get 95 is

minuend, 23 is subtrahend and 72 is distinction.

Minuend is all the time larger than subtrahend.

Questions and Solutions on Subtracting 2-Digit Numbers:

**1. Subtract the next:**

(i) 60 – 10 = _____

(ii) 58 – 13 = _____

(iii) 88 – 33 = _____

(iv) 62 – 41 = _____

(v) 43 – 21 = _____

(vi) 57 – 26 = _____

(vii) 72 – 61 = _____

(viii) 47 – 11 = _____

(ix) 97 – 45 = _____

(x) 38 – 26 = _____

(xi) 71 – 60 = _____

(xii) 25 – 14 = _____

(xiii) 63 – 32 = _____

(xiv) 59 – 20 = _____

(xv) 37 – 12 = _____

(xvi) 89 – 69 = _____

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