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Use Music and Train Movies to Train Math Details Fluency

By Kathleen Palmieri

Annually as the maths curriculum unfolds, it turns into evident that the primary space the place many college students battle is computational fluency. The time period “computational” to me has at all times meant methods college students use to resolve a mathematical equation.

The significance of math reality follow can’t be neglected. It’s the muse for each conceptual ability we ask them to be taught. With out good reality recall, many college students develop into discouraged and disengaged with constructing their math data.

Up to now, it was frequent follow to stage “Math Minutes” the place college students rushed to display how nicely they knew multiplication or division info. For a lot of college students, this rote manner of “studying” was extra nerve-racking than useful and did little for his or her math confidence. And it did nothing to assist college students with understanding place worth.

This dialogue from NCTM’s Ideas and Requirements for College Arithmetic frames the work academics want to perform:

“Computational fluency refers to having environment friendly and correct strategies for computing. College students exhibit computational fluency once they display flexibility within the computational strategies they select, perceive and may clarify these strategies, and produce correct solutions effectively.

“The computational strategies {that a} pupil makes use of must be primarily based on mathematical concepts that the coed understands nicely, together with the construction of the base-ten quantity system, properties of multiplication and division, and quantity relationships” (p. 152).

The place will we go from right here?

In my fifth grade math class I’ve used music and motion to interact my college students in computation fluency. What does that seem like? I observed a number of years again once I inserted music into math, the rhythm and repetitive lyrics engaged my college students.

I took this a step additional and commenced to alter lyrics in fashionable music, changing them with math phrases and multiples of numbers. My foolish songs grew to become a success with my college students, they usually begged to make their very own, which in flip helped them lead our “music and motion” for math class.

Multiplication songs are simply out there simply by doing a Google search, and plenty of might be discovered on YouTube. Listed below are a number of which have been nicely acquired by my college students:

This video makes use of songs that had been fashionable a number of years in the past and works by multiples of 12.


What math class wouldn’t be engaged by studying the multiples of 6 to a canopy and beat of Taylor Swift’s music “Shake It Off?”



Combining Math Details and…P.E.!

Then I got here throughout a number of movies on YouTube that provided a bodily training element to math reality recall/follow. Crash Course: Multiplication 📚 Math Health Run 📚 PE Recreation to Stimulate Psychological + Bodily Improvement is a favourite in my math class. The creators state the aim this manner:

“Remedy comparatively easy multiplication questions whereas additionally having to dodge obstacles and transfer your physique! This recreation is ideal for kids of all ages, it forces them to maneuver whereas additionally partaking their brains. Our aim with video games like that is to stimulate psychological and bodily improvement whereas nonetheless having numerous enjoyable!”

College students take a look at the expression on the underside of the display screen and transfer to the aspect that reveals the product. Right here’s the video:



Division Details Math and P.E. Exercise – “Train your thoughts and physique as you follow your division info!” The scholars stand and watch the equation come up and carry out the train that’s underneath the right quotient. This can be a for much longer video, however might be stopped at any level. It additionally offers an incredible incentive to do extra on the finish of math class.


A number of research have discovered that together with motion in classes reveals promise as a approach to enhance pupil curiosity, motivation (Vazou et al., 2012), and studying (Braniff, 2011). Motion has been discovered to result in enhancements in content material data, abilities, and take a look at scores in arithmetic as nicely studying fluency (Adams-Blair & Oliver, 2011; Erwin, Fedewa, & Ahn, 2015; Browning et al., 2014).

The Outcomes So Far

Lately I’ve begun to ask my college students math info as they enter the classroom within the morning. I’m cautious to distinguish what every pupil is requested as I work to construct their math confidence. Every morning they arrive working as much as ask me for a “more durable” drawback and have reportedly been training their math info rather more at house.

Incorporating enjoyable methods to interact college students in studying math info – together with songs, motion, and conversational reality checking – has confirmed profitable. I take pleasure in leaping in and transferring together with my college students’ studying, too! Give it a strive – I’m certain you’ll have many extra smiles in your math class.

Works Cited

Fedewa, A. L., Ahn, S., Erwin, H., & Davis, M. C. (2015). A randomized managed design investigating the results of classroom-based bodily exercise on kids’s fluid intelligence and achievement. College Psychology Worldwide, 36(2), 135-153.

Browning, C., Edson, A.J., Kimani, P., & Aslan-Tutak, F. (2014). Mathematical content material data for instructing elementary arithmetic: A give attention to geometry and measurement. Arithmetic Fanatic, 11 (2), 333-383.

Kathleen Palmieri is a Nationwide Board Licensed Instructor and NBCT Skilled Studying facilitator. She is a fifth grade educator in upstate New York who opinions and writes repeatedly for MiddleWeb. With a ardour for literacy and studying within the classroom, she participates in numerous writing workshops, curriculum writing endeavors, and math shows.

As a lifelong learner, she is an avid reader and researcher of instructional practices and methods. Collaborating with colleagues and globally on X/Twitter @Kathie_Palmieri and increasing her training adventures at are ongoing practices.



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