In Spain, you may stroll within the footsteps of Cervantes’s “Don Quixote” and “Sancho Panza,” nibble tapas on the shore and take a look at the profoundly attention-grabbing structure of Antonio Gaudí.
You’ll even have luscious castellano (Castilian Spanish) singing in your ear!
On this put up, you’ll uncover the primary traits of Castilian Spanish and present you the perfect on-line sources and real-world content material for studying essentially the most extensively spoken language in Spain.
What Makes Castilian Spanish Distinctive?
Castilian Spanish is the oldest dialect of the language, and all different variations of Spanish emerged from it.
Over its existence, many distinctive facets of the accent have developed.
A few of the quirks you’ll encounter in Castilian Spanish are as follows:
In Spain, vosotros is the casual second-person plural topic pronoun, mainly that means “you all” or “you guys.” Think about it the casual model of ustedes.
In Spain, vosotros is used every day amongst household or associates, and usually omitted, as virtually each different topic pronoun:
If you happen to’re not used to seeing, utilizing or conjugating the vosotros type, this fabulous information will get you all up to the mark.
The “lisp” refers to the truth that most Spaniards say the comfortable c and the letter z with a “th” sound: /θ/ and in teeth.
So the comfortable c and z are pronounced like an “s” in different Spanish-speaking nations (seseo), however as “th” in Castilian Spanish (ceceo).
Listed below are some extra phrases you may take heed to, after which strive saying your self:
Leísmo is the frequent use of le to switch a human male direct object. It’s not technically right, but it surely occurs on a regular basis in on a regular basis spoken castellano.
We’re going to interrupt it down for you, don’t fear.
If you happen to recall from normal grammar, singular masculine direct objects could be changed by the pronoun lo.
So, if I inform you that I haven’t seen Barack in ceaselessly, you would possibly reply that, really, “Michelle noticed him yesterday.”
We’d usually translate this sentence as:
She noticed who? Him (Barack). So “him” is our direct object, changed by the direct object pronoun lo.
Le, however, is an oblique object pronoun.
It’s used to switch the third individual singular oblique objects “him,” “her” and “you-formal,” and it solutions the questions “to whom?” or “for whom?” (Trace: Which means it at all times replaces an individual.)
Within the sentence “Barack gave flowers to Michelle,” for instance, Michelle could be the oblique object. Barack gave what? Flowers (direct object). To whom? Michelle (oblique object).
In Castilian Spanish, although, to say our unique sentence, “Michelle noticed him yesterday,” you’ll often hear:
Regardless that “Barack” is a direct object, and though it ought to usually get replaced by lo, they’ll say “le.”
This occurs a lot in spoken castellano when the direct object refers to a human male that the Actual Academia Española really now considers le a suitable direct object pronoun in that single case.
Be sure you know the right rule first, after which begin breaking it to converse true Castilian Spanish!
Castilian Vocabulary and Slang
As with many different dialects of Spanish, there are some phrases utilized in Castilian Spanish that aren’t used, or which have completely different meanings, in Latin American Spanish.
Positively give these a learn, however to get you began, listed below are just a few phrases you’ll hear on the Iberian Peninsula, adopted by their accomplice phrases in Latin American Spanish (AmL).
| AmL: carro/auto — automobile
- Coger (un taxi)
| AmL: tomar (un taxi) — to take (a taxi)
| AmL: manejar — to drive
| AmL: anteojos — eyeglasses
| AmL: apartamento — condo
| AmL: papa — potato
| AmL: celular — Cellphone
| AmL: computadora — Laptop
| AmL: gaseosa — Gentle drink
| AmL: jugo — Juice
On-line Sources for Studying Castilian Spanish
It’s at all times necessary to have heaps of well-varied sources in your arsenal.
The websites beneath concentrate on educating Castilian Spanish particularly, and might due to this fact act as perfect guides to make use of throughout your Castilian-learning journey.
Language Drops is a language studying system that’ll educate you Castilian Spanish vocabulary in micro-sessions of 5 minutes every.
Fully centered on phrases, Drops makes use of the picture/phrase affiliation and phrase repetition methods to show you Castilian vocabulary on 168 completely different classes.
You’ll have 5 minutes of free studying daily, throughout which you’ll be given phrases belonging to a selected subject.
The phrases are at all times accompanied by cute drawings that can assist you bear in mind them, and your purpose is to affix the audio (which is ideal native Castilian) or the picture to the written phrase whilst you do simple workout routines like placing letters so as or dragging and dropping phrases.
If you wish to use Drops to be taught for greater than 5 minutes a day, you’ll should go Premium.
Nonetheless, there’s a option to get entry to all of the vocabulary free of charge: the Visible Dictionary.
With the Visible Dictionary, you’ll have entry to all 168 Castilian Spanish subjects obtainable on the app.
When you select a subject, a listing of all of the vocabulary included in it should seem within the two languages you’ve chosen.
You’ll be able to click on on any phrase to take heed to it, see associated vocabulary and a pattern sentence and even be taught the way it’s stated in a bunch of different languages.
The draw back is that you simply don’t get to do any workout routines whereas utilizing the Visible Dictionary, so should you’re not very keen on lists of phrases, you would possibly get a little bit bit bored.
FluentU is an on-line immersion program for learners who need to expertise Spanish from varied locations all over the world. This system teaches Spanish via genuine movies like film trailers and information clips.
Movies are categorized by ability stage, format and subject, so you may shortly discover one thing that’s partaking and level-appropriate. You may also seek for phrases to see them it utilized in movies, or seek for a location to see native speech from that space.
Use the interactive subtitles to seek out out extra about any phrase because the video performs. Hover over or faucet on the phrase to see an in-context definition, extra examples of the phrase getting used, a pronunciation information and a picture.
After every video, you may take vocab quizzes tailor-made to the video’s content material. If you wish to save phrases for additional observe, you may add them to your personal customized flashcard decks. The completely different workout routines obtainable goal your studying, talking, writing and listening comprehension abilities.
Squid TV provides you entry to a bunch of Spanish TV channels free of charge, so simply choose your favourite from the checklist and begin watching inside a few clicks!
You’ll be able to select between nationwide channels divided by class (like information, leisure, music and sports activities, amongst others) and regional channels divided by area.
I come from Andalusia, so I personally advocate you give Canal Sur (Southern Channel) a go if you wish to stay an actual Andalusian expertise and be taught a bit about this lovely accent. If you happen to’re a fan of flamenco and the whole lot round it, that is positively the place you’ll discover it extra simply, because it’s an integral a part of our historical past and folklore.
As for nationwide channels, our public tv channel (TVE1) is a superb selection if you wish to have a mixture of the whole lot Castilian Spanish, from information, documentary movies and climate forecasts to nationwide sequence, blockbusters dubbed in Castilian Spanish and leisure packages.
Ba Ba Dum‘s motto is “Juega y aprende” (“Play and Be taught”), and that’s precisely what you’ll do should you entry this web site.
When you’re inside, simply select the Spanish flag and begin taking part in and studying!
Ba Ba Dum contains 1,500 phrases that may be realized by taking part in 5 completely different video games.
I like to recommend this web site for intermediate learners of Spanish, since there are not any earlier explanations or introductions to the vocabulary. As quickly as you press Play, you’ll begin taking part in, actually.
So should you don’t have any earlier information of Spanish and need to give this recreation a strive, you’ll in all probability have to make use of your instinct and good luck with a purpose to guess the right solutions.
The voice of the audio is that of a lady with an beautiful Castilian Spanish.
Dreaming Spanish is a YouTube channel with a whole lot of movies created to show you Castilian Spanish.
The host, Pablo, is a Spaniard with a love for educating his native language, one thing you’ll see as quickly as you begin watching any of his movies.
All of the movies within the channel have been divided into completely different classes and 4 ranges (Superbeginner, Newbie, Intermediate and Superior).
Pablo solely makes use of Spanish, even within the Superbeginner movies. However don’t fear! He’s super-expressive and makes use of his palms that can assist you perceive what he’s saying.
There are three playlists on this channel I actually advocate you take a look at:
- Invited friends: which incorporates plenty of movies with friends from all all over the world (primarily from Latin America) that speak about many alternative subjects.
Pimsleur, the king of audio studying, focuses solely on getting you comfy with having fluent conversations in Castilian Spanish.
It’s not low-cost, as you’ll see—however we’ve a trick that might get you all the products free of charge.
Pimsleur has a a lot stronger auditory focus than another packages.
A lot of the language studying course of with Pimsleur means listening to a dialog after which repeating components of it, progressively increase information till you may recall the phrases which have been stated when prompted.
Pimsleur does include a studying element, too, however that is secondary and never closely centered on.
The audio is the massive promoting level for them—you need to use this program to be taught simply and effortlessly, wherever you go.
Many individuals use this program for studying whereas driving! Simply let the lecturers information you from primary phrases to finish sentences. Pimsleur at all times prompts you to pay attention, repeat and reply, making it extremely interactive.
Every new lesson builds on the earlier ones, cleverly weaving what you’ve already realized into new ideas. All in all, this program may also help you make a seamless transition from beginner to fluent, with loads of time and observe.
Right here’s our secret, although: Earlier than you make the leap and purchase this program, examine to see in case your native library has it! We’ve had good success with our native library programs having audio CDs for the Pimsleur language we’ve wished to be taught. In case you have the identical luck, examine them out, pop them in your CD participant, and voilà!
If you wish to be taught Castilian Spanish with podcasts and movies, an ideal choice is Espresso Break Spanish.
Espresso Break Spanish affords over 230 partaking episodes of about 20 minutes every, divided into 4 seasons that characterize 4 completely different language ranges (Season 1—inexperienced persons, Season 2—intermediate, Season 3—upper-intermediate and Season 4—superior).
The web site additionally has free journey diaries, an audio journal centered on tradition, an Espresso part centered on grammar, a To Go videovlog wherein Marina, one of many hosts, asks individuals questions on the road, and the part En Marcha (On the transfer), which is a sequence of movies recorded in Malaga the place completely different individuals are interviewed in Spanish.
There are numerous completely different subjects coated on this podcast, from musical devices and summer time in Spain to the conditional tense and birthdays (and the whole lot in between).
If you wish to make investments a little bit bit of cash, take a look at the Espresso Break Academy, the place you should purchase on-line programs (the Studying Membership course is improbable to construct up your Spanish vocabulary and enhance your studying abilities) and have entry to sources like video and audio classes, examine guides, transcripts and extra!
VideoEle (español como lengua extranjera — Spanish as a overseas language) is a free on-line course that covers ranges A1 (full newbie), A2, B1 and B2, so it’s finest for inexperienced persons or early intermediate learners who need to add some construction to their studying.
From the course web page (linked above), merely choose a stage to get began.
Every stage has between 30-40 video classes, and every lesson comes with a video, a transcript, a PDF information with options and interactive on-screen actions.
It’s not the flashiest web site on the market, however all the content material is in Castilian Spanish, and it’s all free—so if this appears useful to you, take benefit!
The Wikitravel Castilian Spanish Phrasebook is a information chock-full of helpful info for anybody studying Castilian Spanish.
It begins with a easy pronunciation information and continues with phrases for a wide range of useful classes.
There are primary phrases, phrases for issues you would possibly encounter, numbers, seasons, days, colours, transportation, purchasing, consuming and extra. You’ll be able to be taught a considerable quantity of vocabulary from this useful resource alone.
Does a phrasebook provide the urge to take off and journey to Spain? Then the next move needs to be discovering an ideal Lonely Planet journey information about Spain.
They provide some glorious phrasebooks for common Spanish which may also help you in Spain, however none which are particular to Castilian Spanish.
Lonely Planet exists to information you thru your travels and get you thru easy conversations with natives.
Preply is a web site the place yow will discover non-public tutors to be taught the language of your goals.
Begin by typing the phrase “Spanish” and also you’ll get a listing of all of the tutors that educate Spanish all over the world.
Because you need to be taught Castilian Spanish, ensure you examine the choices “Native Speaker” and “Tutor is from Spain” (you’ll discover the Spanish flag beside the image of every tutor after you do this).
You may also outline the value per hour you need to pay and your availability, after which type the outcomes by relevance, score or value, amongst different parameters.
If you happen to resolve to be taught Castilian Spanish with a tutor, keep in mind not each native Spanish speaker is essentially a superb Spanish instructor.
Instructing requires a set of abilities not all people has, so learn the tutors’ evaluations earlier than you select one, and don’t hesitate to search for a unique one should you’re not glad.
There are over 900 Castilian Spanish tutors on that web page alone, so take your time.
Studying with a tutor has the benefit of having a local speaker all to your self throughout the entire length of the category.
Granted, this fashion of studying isn’t the most affordable one, but it surely can provide you superior outcomes should you discover the appropriate individual for you.
Be taught Castilian Spanish from Genuine Sources
Watch Spanish YouTubers
Listed below are just a few extra locations on YouTube the place you may swoon over that suave Castilian accent (plus choose up tons of real-world slang phrases!):
- Dulceida posts a brand new YouTube video each miércoles (Wednesday).
- AuronPlay retains it actual, from jokes and interviews to entertainingly recounting occasions that occur in his days.
If you happen to get hooked on one vlogger, nonetheless combine it up once in a while. That’ll assist make sure you’re getting publicity to each women and men, young and old (some TV reveals beneath will assist with this, too).
There are many completely different types of voices inside all the beautiful people who converse castellano, so it’s nice ear coaching to listen to a wide range of them.
Learn Castilian Spanish Literature
Whether or not it’s classics like “Lazarillo de Tormes” (“Little Lázaro from Tormes”) or fashionable novels like “La sombra del viento” (“The Shadow of the Wind”), getting misplaced in a superb e-book written by a Spanish creator will certainly profit your Castilian research, particularly should you pay attention together with an audiobook recording whereas studying!
In iVoox’s search filter, choose “castellano” and “audiolibros y relatos” for audiobook leads to Castilian Spanish (and don’t overlook to set the nation to “España” up within the prime proper nook).
Basic books may have the benefit of extra assist supplies on-line (summaries, audiobooks, free e-books, translations, dialogue questions, and many others.), as they’re typically taught in literature courses each to native Spanish audio system and Spanish learners, whereas up to date novels may have extra present language. Go for no matter pursuits you most!
Listed below are just a few up to date Spanish books to think about, simply to get you began. After every Spanish title, you’ll discover the English translation in parentheses. These aren’t essentially the e-book titles in English, although, which is why they aren’t capitalized:
And listed below are just a few well-liked authors from Spain to take a look at as properly:
That is solely the tip of the iceberg! Bear in mind to do your Googling in Spanish to seek out suggestions that fit your tastes extra simply.
Watch Tv Exhibits from Spain
Fortunately, you have already got an entire information to TV in Spain right here, which it is best to take a look at now to select the primary present you’ll begin watching. That’ll actually get your ear used to the Castilian accent.
“Los Protegidos,” which is gushed about within the earlier hyperlink, is particularly nice for studying the Castilian accent. Right here’s why: One of many predominant characters, Jimena, is performed by Colombian actress Angie Cepeda. The entire different principal roles are performed by Spaniards, so in each episode, you may examine and distinction Jimena’s Colombian voice with the Castilian Spanish of the opposite actors and actresses.
You should use a TV present’s Wikipedia web page in español (like this one for “Los Protegidos”) to shortly examine the place the primary actors and actresses are from earlier than watching. Or, for a enjoyable little recreation, go into it blind and make these predictions as you watch.
Along with getting your ear accustomed to the accent, bear in mind that you could at all times pause and repeat to make use of TV reveals for talking and shadowing observe.
One other concept is to show watching right into a recreation with a buddy: One level for each ceceo, two factors for every Castilian slang phrase/phrase, and 5 factors for every leísmo you hear!
Sing Alongside to Music from Spanish Pop Stars
Play music sung by artists from Spain throughout spare moments all through the day—whilst you’re preparing, showering, working, cooking, and many others.—to assist hone your ear in on the sounds and phrases utilized in Castilian Spanish.
Singing alongside is a improbable option to work in your ceceo! Discover a specific tune you want riddled with the well-known lisp and sing alongside whereas utilizing it your self.
You would additionally print a duplicate of the lyrics and first attempt to spotlight which phrases you assume may have the ceceo. Then take heed to the tune and see should you have been proper.
Listed below are just some names and tunes that can assist you get began:
- David Bisbal: Rock out to his hit “Esclavo de sus besos” (Slave of Her Kisses), or sluggish it all the way down to “Mi Princesa” (My princess), which is filled with nice ceceo phrases.
- El Canto del Loco: This group has plenty of superior songs, together with “Un millón de cicatrices” (A Million Scars) and “Peter Pan.”
- Enrique Iglesias: The catchy “Bailando” (Dancing) will definitely get you shifting!
- “Frozen”: Don’t overlook about musicals! Try “¡Suéltalo!” (Let It Go) from Disney’s “Frozen” for a melody you in all probability already know.
- Malú: Born in Madrid, the pop singer of “Quiero” (I Need) and “Blanco y negro” (White and Black) additionally sings flamenco.
- La Oreja de Van Gogh: It is a group from San Sebastián, which falls extra into the “indie pop” class. Strive the clear and slower “Jueves” (Thursday) or “Mariposa” (Butterfly) to begin. The previous lead feminine, Amaia Montero, left the group in 2007 for a solo profession, so she’s one other feminine singer you may seek for!
- La Quinta Estación: The lead singers from this group are each from Madrid. “Recuérdame” (Bear in mind Me), that includes American singer Marc Anthony, is a robust tune with depraved concord.
You may also seek for present prime tune lists (“las mejores canciones”) from Spain, like this checklist of the highest 40 songs in Spain in 2023, or lists of pop bands from Spain to broaden your musical tastes.
Communicate with Precise Spaniards
Lastly, one of the crucial efficient strategies to be taught Castilian Spanish is to talk with native audio system from Spain.
So while you’re utilizing these websites to search for a dialog accomplice, seek for somebody in Spain who speaks castellano!
The identical goes for while you’re looking via pages of potential Spanish tutors on-line. Search for somebody who hails from Spain. Even higher, search for somebody from the actual area of Spain the place you’d wish to journey sooner or later!
Aside from Preply (talked about within the earlier part), an excellent place to seek out an internet Spanish tutor who’s at the moment sitting in Barcelona or Madrid is Verbling, hands-down. There, you’ll simply be capable to type and filter by area of origin, that means that you simply’ll discover the Spaniard it’s essential to educate you Castilian Spanish with little to no effort.
You may not really feel “prepared” for conversing with an actual Spaniard, however that’s utterly regular—it implies that beginning now will solely allow you to develop and be taught, as a result of there are numerous unknowns at this level.
The extra you do it, the better it’ll get and the extra comfy you’ll get understanding and talking Castilian Spanish.
You simply should take motion, permitting your curiosity and need to be taught Spanish to be stronger than your worry of constructing errors, as a result of the reality is you’ll make so many errors! However every of them shall be a good looking studying alternative, so there’s nothing to be nervous about.
Along with talking observe, don’t overlook to ask your Spanish language accomplice for suggestions on extra native content material.
What are they watching on YouTube? Which websites do they go to every day? What books are their associates raving about? What TV reveals are they hooked on?
A Spanish change accomplice is a worthwhile useful resource on so many ranges!
By partaking in a wide range of these studying strategies, you’ll be properly in your option to strolling the cobblestone streets of Toledo, confidently conversing with locals and unleashing your interior Spaniard like a champion.
Get pleasure from your journey turning fantasy into actuality with Castilian Spanish!