The Spanish verb ir (to go) can be utilized to speak about transferring by means of house and time into the quick future.
This put up assumes you have already got some data of the Spanish current tense and different primary vocabulary.
The formulation ir + a + infinitive is used to precise the close to future in Spanish. Ir is the verb which means “to go”, and the infinitive is a verb that has not been conjugated. Put collectively, it might look one thing like this: Voy a comer (I’m going to eat).
Right now, we’ll be taught all concerning the ir + a + infinitive construction, how and when to make use of it to speak concerning the close to future and what makes it completely different from the straightforward future tense.
Ir + A + Infinitive: The Close to Future Tense
Ir + a + infinitive is a useful formulation you need to use to speak concerning the close to future in Spanish. It may be translated as “going to [verb].”
This makes it a straightforward various to utilizing the Spanish easy future tense, which requires particular verb conjugations. Take these two sentences for instance:
Voy a nadar mañana.
— I’m going to swim tomorrow.
— I’ll swim tomorrow.
They imply the identical factor, however are mentioned in numerous methods.
Nonetheless, one distinction is that ir + a + infinitive can solely be used to speak about actions that can occur within the close to future. If you wish to discuss issues that can happen within the distant future, you’ll want to make use of the straightforward future tense.
Methods to Use the Ir + A + Infinitive Formulation
Earlier than you discover ways to use ir + a +infinitive, it’s good to know the right way to conjugate the verb ir (to go) within the current tense.
So, what are the conjugations of ir?
To make use of the formulation, comply with these three easy steps:
1. Conjugate ir into the right current tense
2. Insert the preposition a (to)
3. Connect the infinitive type of the verb on the finish
Infinitives are the unconjugated “base types” of Spanish verbs in dictionaries that finish in -ar, -er or -ir, for instance estudiar (to review), comer (to eat) or escribir (to write down).
Examples of Ir + A + Infinitive
After we plug the above steps into the ir + a + infinitive formulation, we are able to create sentences like these:
Vamos a estudiar.
— We’re going to review.
Voy a comer.
— I’m going to eat.
¿Vas a escribir?
— Are you going to write down?
In fact, we are able to additionally use this development in sentences greater than three phrases lengthy.
Whereas phrase order in Spanish is notoriously versatile, ir + a + infinitive is a tightly certain trio that must not ever be separated.
Any extra phrases will come earlier than or after, however by no means wherever inside. For instance:
Ellos van a bailar tango.
— They’re going to bounce tango.
Voy a vivir en Nápoles.
— I’m going to reside in Naples.
¿Vas a tomar la siesta?
— Are you going to take a nap?
The identical applies to object pronouns (e.g., lo, la, te, nos, and so forth.). They need to by no means come wherever inside our inviolable trio however quite be proper earlier than, after or connected to the infinitive. For instance:
Vamos a hacerlo.
— We’re going to do it.
Lo vamos a hacer.
— We’re going to do it.
When to Use Ir + A + Infinitive
You should utilize the straightforward ir + a + infinitive formulation in these conditions:
- Once you’re speaking about actions of the close to future
- Once you’d usually say “going to” in English
- When expressing immediacy or urgency
- When planning or setting intentions
Ir + A + Infinitive (Close to Future) vs. the Easy Future Tense
The close to future is a really subjective factor.
It could possibly be in 5 minutes or one week.
In both case, as we talked about earlier within the put up, ir + a + infinitive implies extra immediacy than the Spanish easy future tense.
The easy future tense, in distinction, sounds prefer it takes place within the distant future and can also be a bit extra formal.
Take these two sentences for instance.
First, the ir + a + infinitive model:
Voy a hacer lo necesario.
— I’m going to do what is important. (i.e. quickly, I’ll get it finished now-ish, I’ll handle it)
Examine that to the straightforward future model:
Haré lo necesario.
— I’ll do what is important. (i.e., it is going to occur sooner or later, someday)
The primary sentence is extra reassuring to the listener who’s anxious to see one thing finished. The second sentence would depart somebody much less positive how quickly motion will probably be taken.
You’ll be able to see an instance of this distinction within the following reggaeton music.
Within the first few strains, the gentleman who’s serenading us says:
Hoy voy a beber y sé
que voy a enloquecer
y te llamaré después
para hacerte mía mujer
Right now I’m going to drink and I do know
that I’m going to lose my thoughts
and I’ll name you after
to make you my spouse
You’ll be able to learn the full lyrics right here.
The primary two strains use the development ir + a + infinitive, which tells us that our lovelorn crooner is about to hit the bottle.
A bit extra distantly, after the loopy drunken haze of the evening, the fortunate woman can anticipate a hoop—or a minimum of some slurred speech from a person down on one knee.
Spanish media (like songs) are stuffed with the ir + a + infinitive formulation. I extremely suggest you discover others, whether or not it’s on YouTube, Netflix, social media or a web based language studying program like FluentU.
Now that you know the way to make use of ir + a + infinitive, I problem you to seek out an on-line language associate tonight, discuss your quick plans after which ask about theirs.
¡Va a ser fantástico! (It’s going to be improbable!)
And One Extra Factor…
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