Have you learnt when to make use of saber and when to make use of conocer in Spanish?
You might suppose that they’re the identical—in any case, they each translate as to know in English.
So how do you select the right phrase to make use of?
I’ll cowl how saber vs. conocer are utilized in context and the way their meanings differ.
What’s the Distinction Between Saber and Conocer?
Whereas saber and conocer each translate to to know, they do not imply precisely the identical factor and are used for very completely different functions.
Saber is extra associated to data and talent whereas conocer refers to being acquainted or acquainted with somebody or one thing.
After all, it will possibly get a little bit extra sophisticated than that, so let’s cowl each verbs in additional element.
How one can Use Saber
We usually translate saber as to know in English, however if you wish to be extra correct, you need to translate it as to have the ability to, to know tips on how to or to have data or information about one thing.
Use saber within the following conditions:
1. Speaking about individuals’s expertise and know-how
Do you need to boast about what number of languages you possibly can converse or how nicely you possibly can play the piano? Use saber!
As you possibly can see within the English translations, the perfect translation for saber in these instances is can/be capable of:
Sé hablar español.
(I can converse Spanish.)
No sé tocar la guitarra.
(I can’t play the guitar.)
Mi padre sabe contar hasta 100 en chino.
(My father can rely to 100 in Chinese language.)
2. Speaking about or asking for info
It’ll usually be translated as to know in English:
¿Sabes a qué hora aterriza el avión?
(Have you learnt what time the airplane lands?)
No sé por qué Ana no ha venido.
(I don’t know why Ana hasn’t come.)
Solo sé que la película empieza a las dos.
(All I do know is that the film begins at two PM.)
¿Sabes de dónde es Pedro?
(Have you learnt the place Pedro is from?)
3. Speaking about details
It doesn’t matter if these details are scientific or gossip about your favourite actor. Or possibly you simply have some bits of trivia to impress your pals.
When you’ve got details, use saber.
On this case, one of the simplest ways to translate saber is to know (for a reality):
¿Sabes que la Luna es un satélite?
(Have you learnt the Moon is a satellite tv for pc?)
¿Sabías que Henry Cavill está soltero?
(Do you know Henry Cavill is single?)
María cube que sabe cuántos granos de area hay en el Sáhara.
(María says she is aware of what number of sand grains there are within the Sahara Desert.)
How one can Use Conocer
One of the simplest ways of translating conocer into English can be to be acquainted or acquainted with.
Take a look on the conditions when you need to use it:
1. To say you might be acquainted with an individual
Translate conocer as to know, to get to know or to fulfill, on this case:
…Y así es como conocí a vuestra madre.
(…And that’s how I met your mom.)
¡Encantado de conocerte!
(Good to fulfill you!)
Conozco a John desde hace 10 años.
(I’ve recognized John for 10 years.)
Quiero conocerte mejor.
(I need to get to know you higher.)
2. If (or don’t know) a spot
Have you ever ever been to South America? Have you learnt a little bit bar your pals can be delighted to go to? Have you learnt your metropolis just like the palm of your hand?
Use conocer, then!
In these conditions, the perfect translation in English would merely be to know (a spot) or to have been (someplace):
Conozco muy bien España.
(I do know Spain very nicely.)
(Have you learnt Barcelona?/Have you ever ever been to Barcelona?)
Juan conoce su ciudad como la palma de su mano.
(Juan is aware of his metropolis just like the palm of his hand.)
Conozco un restaurante que te va a encantar.
(I do know a restaurant you’ll love.)
3. Having data of one thing
If a e-book as a result of you’ve got learn it or a film very nicely as a result of it’s your favourite, use this verb.
The best manner of translating this verb can be to know (about one thing), to be acquainted with (one thing) and typically to have seen/learn (one thing):
Conozco esa marca de café.
(I do know that model of espresso.)
No conozco ese libro. ¿De qué va?
(I don’t know that e-book. What’s it about?)
¿Conoces mi casa de verano?
(Have you learnt my summer season home? / Have you ever seen my summer season home?)
Understanding these variations on paper is a vital step, however what’s going to actually solidify these meanings in your head is if you’ve heard them utilized in context in precise Spanish speech.
YouTube is usually a nice useful resource for getting this obligatory publicity to those verbs.
There are classes just like the video under, the place conocer and saber are defined in a lesson format, so you possibly can hear them defined in English with Spanish examples:
However you can even hear verbs like saber and conocer utilized in native Spanish content material like information experiences or music movies. That is arguably one of the simplest ways to get used to those verbs as a result of they’re being utilized in a pure and informal context.
However you possibly can’t essentially at all times inform which native content material will comprise the vocab it is advisable study.
Nevertheless, a video-based language studying program like FluentU allows you to study Spanish with a library of native movies.
Can Saber and Conocer Be Used Interchangeably?
There may be just one state of affairs when you should utilize them interchangeably and each sentences might be right (although they’ll nonetheless imply one thing completely different).
This case occurs when what somebody desires to learn about is an summary factor reminiscent of a fact, a thriller, a purpose or a secret:
Mi hermana quiere saber la verdad.
(My sister desires to know the reality.)
Mi hermana quiere conocer la verdad.
(My sister desires to know the reality.)
Whereas the model with conocer tells you my sister desires to know all of the details (the reality), the model with saber tells you she desires to search out out what occurred, no particulars obligatory.
I do know it’s a very refined distinction, however you’ll get used to it with time and loads of follow.
How Do You Bear in mind Saber and Conocer?
So, to recap—if you wish to simply recall the distinction between saber and conocer, simply keep in mind that saber is normally used for data and expertise, whereas conocer is used for familiarity with locations, individuals and issues. For those who keep in mind that major distinction, studying tips on how to use these two phrases ought to grow to be a breeze.
Be sure to’re at all times holding a watch out for the conditions the place native audio system use these two phrases, and make a remark of the sentences they use it in when you can. The extra you follow, the extra you’ll be capable of bear in mind the distinction between these two key Spanish phrases.
As you possibly can see, it solely takes a couple of guidelines and a few examples with a view to get aware of the Spanish verbs saber and conocer.
Now you can make sure that the following time you speak about your data about somebody or one thing, you’ll use the right Spanish verb.
Keep curious, my pals, and as at all times, glad studying!
And One Extra Factor…
Different websites use scripted content material. FluentU makes use of a pure method that helps you ease into the Spanish language and tradition over time. You’ll study Spanish because it’s really spoken by actual individuals.
FluentU has all kinds of movies, as you possibly can see right here:
FluentU brings native movies inside attain with interactive transcripts. You may faucet on any phrase to look it up immediately. Each definition has examples which were written that will help you perceive how the phrase is used. For those who see an attention-grabbing phrase you don’t know, you possibly can add it to a vocab record.
Assessment a whole interactive transcript beneath the Dialogue tab, and discover phrases and phrases listed beneath Vocab.
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The most effective half is that FluentU retains observe of the vocabulary that you just’re studying, and provides you further follow with tough phrases. It will even remind you when it’s time to overview what you’ve discovered. Each learner has a really customized expertise, even when they’re studying with the identical video.
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